This Advent during the 24 days leading up to Christmas I thought it would be fun to have a quick introduction of scientific apparatus, in particular tools used in atomic physics research. This is a way to say thanks to their hard work for our research, and a look at how many things are really needed to make a laboratory work!
- Day 1: Acousto-Optic Modulator
Vacuum is an important part of atomic physics experiments. You almost always need to isolate the atoms you are studying or manipulating from the rest of the world, and that includes of getting rid of the air and all other gasses around. At the core of pretty much every atomic physics laboratory you will find a vacuum system (or many). Think of it as a rather big can where you get almost everything out and then close up, to keep things on the outside out, and things in the inside in.